Indo-Pacific Marine environment – Sulawesi

It is a coastal habitat that forms some of the most diverse ecosystems on Earth. They occupy less than 0.1% of the world´s ocean surface, yet they provide a home for at least 25% of all marine species. Each reef is unique, but all of them are formed by calcareous skeletons which support and protect the coral polyps. They have a symbiotic relationship with microscopic algae with a great activity in photosynthesis.

They are most commonly found at shallow depths in tropical areas where the waters are warm, shiny, clear, oxygenated, and rough with few nutrients. The biggest coral reefs can be found at the Indo-Pacific region.

Animal Species

Black longspine urchin

Diadema setosum

Blackspotted rubberlip

Plectorhinchus gaterinus

Blacktip reef shark

Carcharhinus melanopterus

Blue diesel wrasse

Labroides dimidiatus

Blue green damelfish

Chromis viridis

Blue sea star

Linkia laevigata

Blue Surgeonfish

Paracanthurus hepatus

Bluering angelfish

Pomacanthus annularis

Candy cane coral

Caulastrea sp.

Chinese zebra goby

Ptereleotris zebra

Clown triggerfish

Balistoides conspiscillum

Common bluestripe snapper

Lutjanus kasmira

Common jellyfish

Aurelia aurita

Convict Surgeonfish

Acanthurus triostegus

Cowtail stingray

Pastinachus sephen

Emperor angelfish

Pomacanthus imperator

Emperor red snapper

Lutjanus sebae

Giant moray

Gymnothorax javanicus

Golden trevally

Gnathonodon speciosus

Goldlined spinefoot

Siganus guttatus

Grey shark

Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos

Halfmoon butterflyfish

Chaetodon lunula

Honeycomb stingray

Himantura uarnak

Humpback red snapper

Lutjanus gibbus

Indian Ocean oriental sweetlips

Plectorhinchus vittatus

Laced moray

Gymnothorax favagineus

Leafy hedgehog coral

Echinopora lamellosa

Leather coral

Sarcophyton sp.

Lyretail Wrasse

Thalassoma lunare

Magnificent foxface

Siganus magnificus

Magnificent foxface

Siganus vulpinus

Mushroom anemone

Discosoma sp.

Orange-barred garden eel

Gorgasia preclara

Orangespine unicornfish

Naso lituratus

Orbicular batfish

Platax orbicularis

Pennant coral fish

Heniochus acuminatus

Pinecone soldierfish

Myripristis murdjan

Pink anemonefish

Amphiprion perideraion

Razor fish

Aeoliscus strigatus

Red-knobed starfish

Protoreaster linkii

Redtoothed triggerfish

Odonus niger

Scarlet cleaner shrimp

Lysmata amboinensis

Sea goldie

Pseudanthias squamipinus


Sinularia brassica

Turbo snail

Turbo fluctuosus

Upside down jellyfish

Cassiopea andromeda

Whipray jenkins

Himantura jenkinsii

Yellow tang

Zebrasoma flavescens

Zebra shark

Stegostoma fasciatum