Indo-Pacific land environment – Jungle

The humid tropical forest of the Indo-Pacific region is one of the areas of greatest biodiversity on the planet and contains the most ancient woodland on Earth, over 100 million years old. The forest is strongly stratified vertically with a damp, semi-dark floor contrasting with a predominantly dry, brightly-lit canopy. The vegetation is broadleaf and evergreen, typical of climates with rainfall all year round. It has a great ecological value, as a protector against floods and droughts, reduction of soil erosion and combating climate change by absorbing carbon dioxide. However it is subjected to different threats such as indiscriminate logging for agricultural use, timber trade or mining activity.

Animal Species

Asian forest scorpion

Heterometrus sp.

Emperor newt

Tylototritón shanjing

Indian muntjac

Muntiacus muntjak

Malayan forest toad

Bufo asper

Malayan horned frog

Megophrys nasuta

Oriental fire-bellied newt

Cynops orientalis

Oriental fire-bellied toads

Bombina orientalis

Plant species

Alexander palm

Archontophoenix alexandrae

Australian tree fern

Cyathea cooperi


Rosa banksiae

Bird´s nest fern

Asplenium nidus Indo-Pacífico M. terrestre

Bower of beauty

Pandorea jasminoides

Broadleaf lady palm

Raphis excelsa

Brush cherry

Syzygium paniculatum

Chinese banyan

Ficus microcarpa

Climbing fig

Ficus pumila

Dwarf umbrella tree

Schefflera arboricola

Foxtail palm

Wodyetia bifurcata

Giant fishtail palm

Caryota obtusa

Grape ivy

Partenocissus tricuspidata

Japanese aralia

Fatsia japonica

Kentia palm

Howea forsteriana

Moreton Bay fig

Ficus macrophylla

Night-scented lily

Alocasia odora

Orchid tree

Bauhinia variegata

Port Jackson fig

Ficus rubiginosa

Pygmy date palm

Phoenix roebelenii

Queen sago

Cycas circinalis

Rubber fig

Ficus elástica

Sago palm

Cycas revoluta

Soft tree fern

Balantium antarcticum

Solitary fishtail palm

Caryota maxima


Metrosideros collina

Walking stick bamboo

Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda

Weeping fig

Ficus benjamina